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The climate of Chile

The weather

The climate of Chile comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a large geographic scale, extending across 38 degrees in latitude, making generalizations difficult. According to the Köppen system, Chile within its borders hosts at least seven major climatic subtypes, ranging from low desert in the north, to alpine tundra and glaciers in the east and southeast, humid subtropical in Easter Island, Oceanic in the south and Mediterranean climate in central Chile.

On a synoptic scale, the most important factors that control the climate in Chile are the Pacific Anticyclone, the southern circumpolar low pressure area, the cold Humboldt current, the Chilean Coast Range and the Andes Mountains. Despite Chile's narrowness, some interior regions may experience wide temperature oscillations and cities such as San Pedro de Atacama, may even experience a continental climate. In the extreme northeast and southeast the border of Chile extends beyond the Andes into the Altiplano and the Patagonian plains, giving these regions climate patterns similar to those seen in Bolivia and Argentina respectively.

Regions

Climate Ecoregion Natural region
Desert (BWh, BWk) Atacama desert Norte Grande
Semi-arid (BWk, BSk)
Chilean matorral Central Chile
Mediterranean (Csa, Csb)
Humid subtropical (Cfa) Fernandezian Region -
Temperate oceanic (Cfb) Valdivian temperate rainforests Zona Austral
Subpolar oceanic (Cfc) Magellanic subpolar forests Zona Austral
Tundra (ET)
Semi-arid (BSk) Patagonian Desert Zona Austral
Alpine Central Andean dry puna all natural regions of Chile
Tundra (ET) Andes, Central Andean dry puna all natural regions of Chile
Ice cap (EF) Southern Patagonian Ice Field Zona Austral

Source
Description above from the Wikipedia article Climate of Chile, licensed under CC-BY-SA full list of contributors here.

The seasons

There are four seasons in most of the country:

  • Summer (December to February)
  • Autumn (March to May)
  • Winter (June to August)
  • Spring (September to November)

Five day weather prognosis for all the major Chilean cities.




Orly hotel Santiago, Chile