Calama, El Loa, Antofagasta (Atacama desert), Chile
Calama is a city and commune in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile. It is the capital of El Loa Province, part of the Antofagasta Region. Calama is one of the driest cities in the world with average annual precipitation of just 5 mm.
Close to Calama is the worlds largest copper mine as well as some interesting archeological sites. Everywhere are reminders of the precious metal: copper statues, copper wall-etchings and reliefs, and even a copper-plated spire on the cathedral In 2004 the city also inherited a wave of copper refugees when the entire population of polluted mining town Chuquicamata relocated here.
Some of Calama's top attractions are the Licancabur volcano, Los Flamencos National Reserve, the El Tatio Geysers, Pink flamincos, geyser, Moon valley, archeological findings along with many more natural points of interest. The city itself hosts many museums and educational centers.
Take a guided tour or rent a car and get out on your own. You'll be amazed at what you can find in the driest desert in the world.